What is XPCC, powerful Chinese group facing US sanctions

What is XPCC, powerful Chinese group facing US sanctions

  • The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps has come under the global spotlight for its role in alleged human rights abuses against ethnic minorities in the far western Chinese region.

Citing China’s treatment of its ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, the US government in July sanctioned several Chinese officials and organizations believed to be responsible for alleged human rights abuses in the far western region.

The sanctions put a spotlight on the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, or XPCC, one of the country’s most secretive and powerful entities.

But unlike most other people or organizations targeted by US sanctions, XPCC is neither a private company nor a government department.

A closer look into how the entity effectively governs 3.2 million people – and an economy twice as big as Afghanistan – reveals the social and economic tensions in the restive border region.